Cryptologists ensure safe communication within governments, businesses, and non-profit settings by writing ciphers, algorithms, and security protocols to encrypt data. Cryptanalysts then break down existing code to decrypt and access information. As security breaches continue to attack financial institutions, government agencies, and the business sector, cryptology professionals are vital in keeping valuable information safe.
Cryptography professionals must be familiar with data structures, algorithms, and complicated mathematical concepts, and should be able to apply them to encryption. Cryptography experts are also fluent in multiple programming languages including Python, Java, and C++, and operating systems like Microsoft Windows and UNIX. Common algorithms used by cryptographers include Triple Data Encryption Algorithm (Triple DES) and Rivest-Shamir-Adelman (RAS).
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